The construction of the European XFEL involved many skilled trades working in parallel. A great deal of intensive work was involved in building and commissioning the most powerful X-ray laser in the world.


A short history of European XFEL.

In-kind contributions

Much of the European XFEL's equipment was provided by a variety of European institutes through in-kind contributions. The value of in-kind contributions to the facility amounted to around 50% of the total construction and commissioning budget.