Cooperation

European XFEL has established an extensive international research network with partners around the world. Cooperation and partnership agreements with research organizations serve to further advance X-ray laser science and help scientists to prepare for the unique research opportunities at the new facility.

Cooperations with research institutions

CAEP
European XFEL and the China Academy of Engineering Physics (CAEP) collaborate on selected activities of common interest in the development, construction, and commissioning of X-ray FEL technology through sharing knowledge, resources, equipment, and personnel. A framework collaboration agreement was signed in Hamburg on 26 March 2015.
Further information: news 2015
CAEP homepage: www.caep.ac.cn

CLPU
European XFEL and the Spanish Center for Ultrashort Ultraintense Pulsed Lasers (CLPU) in Salamanca cooperate to develop new ultrafast optical lasers to analyse physical and chemical processes in conjunction with the X-ray beams of the European XFEL. In combination with the unique features of the European XFEL, new optical laser technologies will enable scientists to film ultrafast processes, such as chemical and biochemical reactions that provide a basis for the development of more efficient industrial production processes or new medical products and devices. An Memorandum of Understanding was signed on 10 October 2011 and was prolonged in 2016 for a further five years.
Further information: news 2011
CLPU homepage: www.clpu.es

CNRS
In addition to becoming a shareholder of European XFEL in 2014, National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), one of France's largest research organizations, signed a collaboration agreement with European XFEL regarding design, development, construction, and delivery of a MHz prototype noncollinear optical parametric amplifier (NOPA) through the Cluster of Research Infrastructures for Synergies in Physics (CRISP) framework.
CNRS homepage: www.cnrs.fr

DESY
The relationship between European XFEL and its main shareholder, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY) in Germany, is unique. The two partners collaborate on the construction, commissioning, and eventual operation of the facility, based on a long-term agreement, among others.
Further information: Cooperation with DESY
DESY homepage: www.desy.de

EMBL
European XFEL cooperates with European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Europe’s top address for biological research on the molecular level. A Memorandum of Understanding was signed on 12 September 2011.
Further information: news 2011
EMBL homepage: www.embl.org

FERMI@Elettra
The Free-Electron Laser for Multidisciplinary Investigations (FERMI) is a FEL user facility located next to the third-generation synchrotron radiation facility ELETTRA in Trieste, Italy. Possible cooperations were discussed at a European XFEL workshop, which took place in Trieste on 16–17 December 2010.
FERMI@Elettra homepage: www.elettra.trieste.it/FERMI

HAW Hamburg
European XFEL and Hamburg University of Applied Sciences (HAW Hamburg) cooperate in science and engineering education. The main focus is to give undergraduate students practical experience in their degree programmes. A cooperation agreement was signed on 2 December 2013.
HAW Hamburg homepage: www.haw-hamburg.de

Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin
A Memorandum of Understanding for a collaboration was signed on 11 March 2010 with the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB), Germany. The goal is to establish specific collaborations in soft X-ray optics and diagnostics to develop optical components, especially with respect to the expertise at the BESSY synchrotron. In 2013, European XFEL signed an additional cooperation agreement in the framework of the Helmholtz Virtual Institute "Dynamic Pathways in Multidimensional Landscapes" initiative.
HZB homepage: www.helmholtz-berlin.de

Kurchatov Institute
European XFEL cooperates with National Research Centre “Kurchatov Institute” (NRC KI) in Moscow in calculating radiation parameters and organizing European XFEL schools for young scientists.
Institute homepage: www.kiae.ru/e/engl.html

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
European XFEL and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) in Berkeley, California, USA, established a framework for proposed cooperation in the area of the development and use of free-electron lasers in an MoU signed in Hamburg on 16 April 2013.
Further information: news 2013
LBNL homepage: www.lbl.gov

LNLS
DESY, European XFEL, and the Brazilian synchrotron radiation laboratory (LNLS) in Campinas signed a cooperation agreement in Brasília on 5 May 2011.
Further information: news 2011
LNLS homepage: www.lnls.br

Max Planck Society
On 24 November 2014, European XFEL signed a research agreement with the Max Planck Society, represented by the Semiconductor Laboratory ("Halbleiterlabor") in Munich, Germany, on "Cooperation within the framework of the production of Silicon Drift Detector (SDD) sensors for the DSSC 1 Megapixel Detector".
Max Planck Society homepage: www.mpg.de/en

Osaka University
European XFEL and the Osaka University in Japan agreed to jointly appoint a scientist to promote education and research. An MoU was signed on 16 December 2014. On 4 Septemeber 2015, European XFEL and Osaka University signed a framework collabroation agreement to share knowledge, resources, equipment, and personnel on high energy density science research.
Osaka University homepage: www.osaka-u.ac.jp

PTB
European XFEL and Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt Braunschweig und Berlin (PTB) cooperate on ultrahigh precision metrology for metre-long X-ray mirrors. A collaboration agreement was signed on 9 December 2015.
PTB homepage: www.ptb.de

RSC
European XFEL and the RIKEN SPring-8 Center (RSC) in Sayo, Hyogo, Japan, intend to collaborate on the development of technologies for the enhanced utilization of X-ray FELs. An MoU was signed on 23 February 2015.

SLAC
Regular contacts with SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory in California provide an important opportunity to gain hands-on experience at an X-ray FEL in operation, the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS). An Memorandum of Understanding was signed on 27 July 2009.
SLAC homepage: www.slac.stanford.edu
LCLS homepage: lcls.slac.stanford.edu

Southern Federal University
European XFEL and Southern Federal University in Rostov, Russia, stated their interest in establishing a joint programme in education and research.
University homepage: dbs.sfedu.ru/www/site.english

Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography
European XFEL and Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IC RAS) cooperate in the growth and handling of crystals for optical elements as well as in organizing European XFEL schools for young scientists in Moscow.
Further information: next school will be announced on the European XFEL homepage.
IC RAS homepage: crys.ras.ru/indexe.html

STFC
The Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) in Swindon, UK, develops the Large Pixel Detector (LPD) for the European XFEL as well as hardware elements for the readout and data acquisition architecture. A prolongation of a 2010 agreement was signed on 30 January 2013. The new phase of the agreement includes production of the LPD detector.
STFC homepage: www.stfc.ac.uk

Technological Institute for Superhard and Novel Carbon Materials
European XFEL and Technological Institute for Superhard and Novel Carbon Materials (FSBI TISNCM) in Troitsk, Russia, agreed to develop an in-line seeding monochromator for the high power and high repetition rate of the European XFEL based on synthetic diamonds. The collaboration agreement was signed in August 2012. An additional collaboration agreement, signed in December 2014 between European XFEL, DESY, and FSBI TISNCM, establishes cooperation on accelerator physics and technology, the use of synchrotron radiation for basic and applied research, and the development and use of FELs through exchanges of information, personnel including students, and equipment.

Turkish Accelerator Center
European XFEL collaborates with the Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC) in the development of scientific instrumentation for highly coherent, ultrashort-pulse X-ray light sources and their scientific use. An Memorandum of Understanding was signed in May with Ankara University, Turkey, the coordinator of the TAC.
TAC homepage: thm.ankara.edu.tr

"Umbrella" Federated Identity Management System
On 31 March 2015, European XFEL signed an MoU with ALBA Synchrotron in Spain, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY) in Germany, Diamond Light Source in the UK, Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste in Italy, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) in France, Instruct Academic Services in the UK, HZB in Germany, Institut Laue-Langevin in France, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) in Germany, Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) in Switzerland, Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) in the UK, and SOLEIL in France. The purpose of the MoU is to establish an efficient, long-term collaboration between the partners in order to develop, implement, and operate a unique, persistent, trans-facility user identification system that will function across Europe.

University College London
The clock and control hardware for the European XFEL detectors is being developed at the University College London.
UCL homepage: www.ucl.ac.uk

University of Hamburg
European XFEL and the School of Mathematics, Informatics and Natural Sciences (MIN) at the University of Hamburg, Germany, cooperate in research and teaching. The main focus is on exchanging know-how, implementing joint research projects, providing mutual access to experimental facilities, and promoting undergraduates, Ph.D. students, and young scientists.
A contract was signed on 15 August 2011.
Further information: news 2011
MIN homepage: www.min.uni-hamburg.de/index_e.html

Participation in the cluster of excellence “The Hamburg Centre for Ultrafast Imaging” (CUI):
www.cui.uni-hamburg.de/en/

Participation in Research Training Group GRK 1355
www.photon.physnet.uni-hamburg.de/de/grk/

Participation in Collaborative Research Centre SFB 925: Light induced dynamics and control of correlated quantum systems
www.photon.physnet.uni-hamburg.de/sfb/

University of Rostock
The University of Rostock and European XFEL cooperate in research and education, particularly in the field of applications for free-electron lasers. This collaboration aims to open new research opportunities for scientists in areas of photon science, plasma physics, molecular physics, and cluster physics as well as nanophysics, while also provide possibilities for students of the University of Rostock to work in these areas at European XFEL. The cooperation agreement comprises a joint appointment procedure process for the position of professor for the study of matter under extreme conditions. The new group will start research on this topic in Hamburg and Rostock.
Further information: news 2014
University of Rostock homepage: www.uni-rostock.de

University of Siegen
European XFEL and the University of Siegen in Germany exchange scientific information and know-how, cooperate on joint and individual research projects, teach students and junior scientists, share experiment equipment, and conduct in-house and external user research. A cooperation agreement was signed on 20 September 2016.
University of Siegen homepage: www.uni-siegen.de

Uppsala University
European XFEL and Uppsala University in Sweden cooperate in the field of X-ray science with a focus on structural biology. Professor Janos Hajdu acts as a senior advisor to the scientific directors of European XFEL and contributes his expertise to the realization of measuring stations and experiments. An agreement was signed on 15 October 2010.
Further information: news 2010
University homepage: www.uu.se

Participation in EU programmes

CALIPSOplus
In the present project, CALIPSOplus, the relevant synchrotrons and free-electron lasers in Europe and the Middle East join forces to contribute to the completion of ERA and to tackle the new challenges arising from the commitment of the EU to Open science, Open innovation and Open to the world. Integration with respect to user access, support, instrumentation, data analysis, and data management is strongly pushed forward by this advanced community, looking back at a long tradition of integrated activities funded under FP6 and FP7, and largely profiting from the experiences already gained. The European Synchrotron and FEL User Organisation will be consolidated and the performance and use of the
wayforlight portal as pivotal platform of the light sources community will be boosted. Data management of the different facilities will be harmonised and a data management plan for the CALIPSOplus consortium be defined. Particular focus will be on leveraging scientific excellence in EU-13 countries and on widening the use of light sources by users from these regions. This will be achieved by visits to universities in these countries, by dedicated schools and by an especially set-up Twinning programme. As a pilot action a specific Trans-national Access programme will be offered for users from SMEs, closely related to an awareness raising campaign for light sources use and the role of light sources as customers among local industry around the facilities. Joint Research Activities will focus on metrology of diffraction limited optics in collaboration with the manufacturing industry, of particular importance for the new hard X-ray free electron lasers as well as for the next generation synchrotrons, and on software tools for remote data analysis. Focusing on the horizon beyond 2020, established programmes and activities of the light source community will be evaluated with respect to their future importance and corresponding sustainability and business plans will be developed. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme under Grant Agreement No 730872.
Further Information:
https://www.calipsoplus.eu/

CREMLIN
The project Connecting Russian and European Measures for Large-scale Research Infrastructures (CREMLIN) will improve and strengthen the relations and networks between European and Russian research infrastructures at scientific and at research policy level. CREMLIN will enhance science cooperation between six Russian megascience facilities and European infrastructures, develop research policies involving all relevant stakeholders from science and policy with respect to the EU and the Russian Federation, and establish an effective exchange platform of findings and results within Russian megascience projects while stimulating and ensuring mutual learning across various disciplines and European and Russian communities. CREMLIN began in October 2015 and encompasses 13 European research infrastructures and 6 Russian megascience facilities. CREMLIN has received funding from the EU Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 654166.

EOSCpilot
The EOSCpilot project will support the first phase in the development of the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) as described in the EC Communication on European Cloud Initiatives [2016].
It will establish the governance framework for the EOSC and contribute to the development of European open science policy and best practice; develop a number of pilots that integrate services and infrastructures to demonstrate interoperability in a number of scientific domains; and engage with a broad range of stakeholders, crossing borders and communities, to build the trust and skills required for adoption of an open approach to scientific research. These actions will build on and leverage already available resources and capabilities from research infrastructure and e-infrastructure organisations to maximise their use across the research community. The EOSCpilot project will address some of the key reasons why European research is not yet fully tapping into the potential of data. In particular, it will reduce fragmentation between data infrastructures by working across scientific and economic domains, countries and governance models, and improve interoperability between data infrastructures by demonstrating how data and resources can be shared even when they are large and complex and in varied formats. In this way, the EOSC pilot project will improve the ability to reuse data resources and provide an important step towards building a dependable open-data research environment where data from publicly funded research is always open and there are clear incentives and rewards for the sharing of data and resources. EOSCpilot has received funding from the European Commission's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Grant Agreement no 739563.
Further information:
https://eoscpilot.eu/about/eoscpilot-brief

EUCALL
The European Cluster of Advanced Laser Light Sources (EUCALL) is a network between leading large-scale user facilities for free electron laser, synchrotron and optical laser radiation and their users. Under EUCALL, they work together on their common methodologies and research opportunities, and develop tools to sustain this interaction in the future. EUCALL has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme and involves 11 partners from nine countries as well as the networks Laserlab Europe and FELs of Europe during the project period 2015 to 2018.
Further information: news 2015
EUCALL homepage: www.eucall.eu

OpenDreamKit
OpenDreamKit will deliver a flexible toolkit enabling research groups to set up Virtual Research Environments, customised to meet the varied needs of research projects in pure mathematics and applications and supporting
the full research life-cycle from exploration, through proof and publication, to archival and sharing of data and code. OpenDreamKit will be built out of a sustainable ecosystem of community-developed open software, databases, and services, including popular tools such as LinBox, MPIR, Sage(sagemath.org), GAP, PariGP, LMFDB, and Singular. We will extend the Jupyter Notebook environment to provide a flexible UI. By improving and unifying existing building blocks, OpenDreamKit will maximise both sustainability and impact, with beneficiaries extending to scientific computing, physics, chemistry, biology, and more and including researchers, teachers, and industrial practitioners. OpenDreamKit will define a novel component-based VRE architecture and the adapt existing mathematical software, databases, and UI components to work well within it on varied platforms. Interfaces to standard HPC and
grid services will be built in. The architecture will be informed by recent research into the sociology of mathematical collaboration, so as to properly support actual research practice. The ease of set up, adaptability and global impact will be demonstrated in a variety of demonstrator VREs. We will ourselves study the social challenges associated with large-scale open source code development and of publications based on executable documents, to ensure sustainability.
OpenDreamKit will be conducted by a Europe-wide demand-steered collaboration, including leading mathematicians, computational researchers, and software developers long track record of delivering innovative open source software solutions for their respective communities. All produced code and tools will be open source. OpenDreamKit has received funding from the European Commission's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Grant Agreement no. 676541.
More Information:
http://opendreamkit.org/project/about/

Memberships in research cooperations

Development and Use of Accelerator-Driven Photon Sources
European XFEL participates in the German-Russian bilateral funding programme “Development and Use of Accelerator-Driven Photon Sources”. Several projects have been approved.

EIROforum
EIROforum is a collaboration between eight European intergovernmental research organizations (EIROs): EMBL, ESRF, European Fusion Development Agreement—Joint European Torus (EFDA-JET), European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), European
Southern Observatory (ESO), European Space Agency (ESA), European XFEL, and Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL). The mission of EIROforum is to combine resources, facilities, and expertise to support European science in reaching its full potential.
Further information: news 2010
EIROforum homepage: www.eiroforum.org

FELs of Europe
FELS of Europe is an initiative of the ESFRI projects EuroFEL and European XFEL. It is a collaboration of all free-electron laser (FEL) facilities in Europe, with the goal to meet the technological and scientific challenges of these novel and rapidly developing technologies and to provide a worldwide unique, pan-European research infrastructure that enables exploiting the full scientific potential of these unique accelerator based short-pulse light sources. The collaboration includes 14 facilities in 10 countries.
FELs of Europe homepage: www.fels-of-europe.eu

Science in School by EIROforum
Science in School is a free journal aiming to promote inspiring science teaching.
Science in School homepage: www.scienceinschool.org

Hard X-ray FEL collaboration (formerly FEL three-site meeting)
The LCLS, the Japanese SPring-8 Compact SASE Source (SCSS), and the Hamburg FEL projects (FLASH at DESY and European XFEL) collaborate, share project information, and identify topics of common interest in a meeting series.

Physics on Accelerators and Reactors of Western Europe
In November 2010, the European XFEL joined the “Physics on Accelerators and Reactors of Western Europe” programme of the Russian Ministry of Education and Science. The programme funds research stays of Russian scientists at large leading European research facilities.

Röntgen–Ångström Cluster
The Röntgen-Ångström Cluster (RÅC) is a Swedish-German research collaboration in the fields of materials science and structural biology that aims to strengthen research at synchrotron and neutron radiation sources. Enabled by an agreement between the Swedish and German governments in 2009, the RÅC helps initiating and developing cooperative projects between research groups from Germany and Sweden in the above-named fields. Several large-scale facilities from both countries are included in the cluster.
More Information:
https://www.rontgen-angstrom.eu/index_eng.html