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Research possibilities

Smaller, faster, stronger – the European XFEL will open up areas of research with X-rays that were inaccessible so far.

Using the X-ray flashes of the European XFEL, scientists will be able to map the atomic details of viruses, decipher the molecular composition of cells, take three-dimensional images of the nanoworld, film chemical reactions and study the processes in the interior of planets.

Tiny structures Ultrafast processes Extreme states

The X-ray flashes reveal how complex biomolecules or materials are assembled on the atomic scale.

Research at the European XFEL will help us to better understand the structure of biological cells and create new materials with optimized properties.

Deciphering such tiny structures becomes possible thanks to the short wavelengths of the order of atoms and the laserlike properties of the X-ray flashes.

Using the X-ray flashes, scientists can film ultrafast processes such as the formation of molecules.

Research at the European XFEL will thus enable us to better understand chemical processes in order to develop more efficient industrial production processes for instance. These studies also provide an essential basis for the development of new medicines.

The X-ray flashes enable researchers to make films of ultrafast processes because each single flash is less than 100 trillionth of a second long and brilliant enough for the snapshot.

Using the X-ray flashes, scientists can study matter under extreme conditions. The flashes are so intense that they can be used to create pressures and temperatures similar to those in the interior of planets.

At the European XFEL, these states of matter can thus be investigated in detail. In addition, studies of how single atoms behave in the intense light flashes will provide new methods for X-ray physics.

Examples

Examples

Examples

Experiment stations

SPB, SCS and MID

Experiment stations

SPB, MID, FXE, HED, SQS, SCS

Experiment stations

SQS, HED