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Research examples

The European XFEL will enable a multitude of completely different experiments – ranging from analyses of the structure of biomolecules to films of chemical reactions or investigations into extreme states of matter.

  • Deciphering the structure of biomolecules

    Using the X-ray flashes of the European XFEL, scientists can decipher the 3D structure of biomolecules, cell constituents and whole viruses. This will provide the basis for the medicines of the future.

  • Exploring the nanoworld in 3D

    The X-ray flashes of the European XFEL will enable completely novel, three-dimensional insights into the nanoworld and thus shed light on future technological applications.

  • Filming chemical reactions

    With the X-ray flashes of the European XFEL, scientists can film how molecules form and separate again or how they fulfil important functions in biological cells. This may contribute to improvements in energy generation or the production of chemical substances and lead to progress in medicine.

  • Unravelling magnetization

    The X-ray flashes of the European XFEL will enable scientists to study exciting aspects of magnetization – with direct applications in data storage.

  • Observing small objects in strong fields

    The European XFEL will create unique conditions for the investigation of atoms, molecules, atomic clusters or nanoparticles in extremely high X-ray radiation fields. These insights can lead not only to progress in basic research, but also to new products – such as novel catalysts or electronic devices controlled by X-ray radiation.

  • Investigating extreme states of matter

    The focused X-ray flashes of the European XFEL can create states of matter under extremely high pressures and temperatures. This will help to both develop new astrophysical models for planets and push ahead with fusion research for future energy generation here on Earth.