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Cooperations

The European XFEL company participates in the following networks and projects, listed in alphabetical order within each category.

Cooperations with research institutions

CLPU
European XFEL and the Spanish Center for Ultrashort Ultraintense Pulsed Lasers (CLPU) in Salamanca cooperate to develop new ultrafast optical lasers to analyse physical and chemical processes in conjunction with the X-ray beams of the European XFEL. In combination with the unique features of the European XFEL, new optical laser technologies will enable scientists to film ultrafast processes, such as chemical and biochemical reactions that provide a basis for the development of more efficient industrial production processes or new medical products and devices. An Memorandum of Understanding was signed on 10 October 2011.
Further information: news 2011
CLPU homepage: www.clpu.es

CNRS
In addition to becoming a shareholder of European XFEL in 2014, National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), one of France's largest research organizations, signed a collaboration agreement with European XFEL regarding design, development, construction, and delivery of a MHz prototype noncollinear optical parametric amplifier (NOPA) through the Cluster of Research Infrastructures for Synergies in Physics (CRISP) framework.
CNRS homepage: www.cnrs.fr

Collaboration of European FEL and SPS Facilities
European research facilities that operate or develop X-ray free-electron lasers (FELs) and advanced short-pulse and coherent light sources (SPS) cooperate to promote FEL science and technology in Europe and to provide the experimental conditions needed by a large, multidisciplinary user community. An Memorandum of Understanding was signed in May 2012. Other members are Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY) in Germany, Sincrotrone Trieste (Elettra) in Italy, Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) in Germany, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) in Italy, MAX IV Laboratory in Sweden, Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) in Switzerland, SOLEIL in France, Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) in the UK, and National Centre for Nuclear Research (NCBJ) in Poland.

DESY
The relationship between European XFEL and its main shareholder, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY) in Germany, is unique. The two partners collaborate on the construction, commissioning, and eventual operation of the facility, based on a long-term agreement..
Further information: Cooperation with DESY
DESY homepage: www.desy.de

EMBL
European XFEL cooperates with European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Europe’s top address for biological research on the molecular level. A Memorandum of Understanding was signed on 12 September 2011.
Further information: news 2011
EMBL homepage: www.embl.org

FERMI@Elettra
The Free-Electron Laser for Multidisciplinary Investigations (FERMI) is a FEL user facility located next to the third-generation synchrotron radiation facility ELETTRA in Trieste, Italy. Possible cooperations were discussed at a European XFEL workshop, which took place in Trieste on 16–17 December 2010.
FERMI@Elettra homepage: www.elettra.trieste.it/FERMI

HAW Hamburg
European XFEL and Hamburg University of Applied Sciences (HAW Hamburg) cooperate in science and engineering education. The main focus is to give undergraduate students practical experience in their degree programmes. A cooperation agreement was signed on 2 December 2013.
HAW Hamburg homepage: www.haw-hamburg.de

Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin
A Memorandum of Understanding for a collaboration was signed on 11 March 2010 with the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB), Germany. The goal is to establish specific collaborations in soft X-ray optics and diagnostics to develop optical components, especially with respect to the expertise at the BESSY synchrotron. In 2013, European XFEL signed an additional cooperation agreement in the framework of the Helmholtz Virtual Institute "Dynamic Pathways in Multidimensional Landscapes" initiative.
HZB homepage: www.helmholtz-berlin.de

Kurchatov Institute
European XFEL cooperates with National Research Centre “Kurchatov Institute” (NRC KI) in Moscow in calculating radiation parameters and organizing European XFEL schools for young scientists.
Institute homepage: www.kiae.ru/e/engl.html

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
European XFEL and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) in Berkeley, California, made a "Work for Others" agreement regarding detector development, with the aim of creating detectors for a possible future light souce at LBNL. An MoU was signed in Hamburg on 16 April 2013.
Further information: news 2013
LBNL homepage: www.lbl.gov

LNLS
DESY, European XFEL, and the Brazilian synchrotron radiation laboratory (LNLS) in Campinas signed a cooperation agreement in Brasília on 5 May 2011.
Further information: news 2011
LNLS homepage: www.lnls.br

SLAC
Regular contacts with SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory in California provide an important opportunity to gain hands-on experience at an X-ray FEL in operation, the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS). An Memorandum of Understanding was signed on 27 July 2009.
SLAC homepage: www.slac.stanford.edu
LCLS homepage: slacportal.slac.stanford.edu

Southern Federal University
European XFEL and Southern Federal University in Rostov, Russia, stated their interest in establishing a joint programme in education and research.
University homepage: dbs.sfedu.ru/www/site.english

Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography
European XFEL and Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IC RAS) cooperate in the growth and handling of crystals for optical elements as well as in organizing European XFEL schools for young scientists in Moscow.
Further information: next school will be announced on the European XFEL homepage.
IC RAS homepage: crys.ras.ru/indexe.html

STFC
The Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) in Swindon, UK, develops the Large Pixel Detector (LPD) for the European XFEL as well as hardware elements for the readout and data acquisition architecture. A prolongation of a 2010 agreement was signed on 30 January 2013. The new phase of the agreement includes production of the LPD detector.
STFC homepage: www.stfc.ac.uk

Technological Institute for Superhard and Novel Carbon Materials
European XFEL and Technological Institute for Superhard and Novel Carbon Materials (FSBI TISNCM) in Troitsk, Russia, agreed to develop an in-line seeding monochromator for the high power and high repetition rate of the European XFEL based on synthetic diamonds. The collaboration agreement was signed in August 2012.

Turkish Accelerator Center
European XFEL collaborates with the Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC) in the development of scientific instrumentation for highly coherent, ultrashort-pulse X-ray light sources and their scientific use. An Memorandum of Understanding was signed in May with Ankara University, Turkey, the coordinator of the TAC.
TAC homepage: thm.ankara.edu.tr

University College London
The clock and control hardware for the European XFEL detectors is being developed at the University College London.
UCL homepage: www.ucl.ac.uk

University of Hamburg
European XFEL and the School of Mathematics, Informatics and Natural Sciences (MIN) at the University of Hamburg, Germany, cooperate in research and teaching. The main focus is on exchanging know-how, implementing joint research projects, providing mutual access to experimental facilities, and promoting undergraduates, Ph.D. students, and young scientists.
A contract was signed on 15 August 2011.
Further information: news 2011
MIN homepage: www.min.uni-hamburg.de/index_e.html

Participation in the cluster of excellence “The Hamburg Centre for Ultrafast Imaging” (CUI):
www.cui.uni-hamburg.de/en/

Participation in Research Training Group GRK 1355
www.photon.physnet.uni-hamburg.de/de/grk/

Participation in Collaborative Research Centre SFB 925: Light induced dynamics and control of correlated quantum systems
www.photon.physnet.uni-hamburg.de/sfb/

University of Rostock
The University of Rostock and European XFEL cooperate in research and education, particularly in the field of applications for free-electron lasers. This collaboration aims to open new research opportunities for scientists in areas of photon science, plasma physics, molecular physics, and cluster physics as well as nanophysics, while also provide possibilities for students of the University of Rostock to work in these areas at European XFEL. The cooperation agreement comprises a joint appointment procedure process for the position of professor for the study of matter under extreme conditions. The new group will start research on this topic in Hamburg and Rostock.
Further information: news 2014
University of Rostock homepage: www.uni-rostock.de

Uppsala University
European XFEL and Uppsala University in Sweden cooperate in the field of X-ray science with a focus on structural biology. Professor Janos Hajdu acts as a senior advisor to the scientific directors of European XFEL and contributes his expertise to the realization of
measuring stations and experiments. An agreement was signed on 15 October 2010.
Further information: news 2010
University homepage: www.uu.se

Participation in EU programmes

CALIPSO
CALIPSO is a European Union (EU) consortium that coordinates the European synchrotrons and free-electron lasers (FELs), including the three European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI) roadmap projects—European XFEL, EuroFEL, and the ESRF Upgrade Programme—towards a fully integrated network. CALIPSO receives funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement n°312284. The project began in June 2012 and will continue through December 2015. Within CALISPO, European XFEL contributes to scientific cooperation, workshops, and joint trainings as an observer within the High-Z sensors for Pixel Array Detectors (HIZPAD2) project to improve exchange among accelerator physicists and FEL users on diagnostics technology.
CALIPSO homepage: www.calipso.wayforlight.eu
Initiative of the European I3 project CALIPSO: www.wayforlight.eu

BioStruct-X
BioStruct-X is a consortium of 19 institutions from 11 European Union (EU) member and associated states. Within a broader research programme, European XFEL scientists work with colleagues from leading international research centres to improve the structure
determination of biomolecules. The EU project was started in 2011 and a consortium agreement specifying the relationship between the parties was signed in 2012.
Further information: news 2011
Biostruct-X homepage: www.biostruct-x.eu

EUCALL
The European Cluster of Advanced Laser Light Sources (EUCALL) is a network between leading large-scale user facilities for free electron laser, synchrotron and optical laser radiation and their users. Under EUCALL, they work together on their common methodologies and research opportunities, and develop tools to sustain this interaction in the future. EUCALL has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme and involves 11 partners from nine countries as well as the networks Laserlab Europe and FELs of Europe during the project period 2015 to 2018.
Further information: news 2015
EUCALL homepage: www.eucall.eu

Memberships in research cooperations

Development and Use of Accelerator-Driven Photon Sources
European XFEL participates in the German-Russian bilateral funding programme “Development and Use of Accelerator-Driven Photon Sources”. Several projects have been approved.

EIROforum
EIROforum is a collaboration between eight European intergovernmental research organizations (EIROs): EMBL, ESRF, European Fusion Development Agreement—Joint European Torus (EFDA-JET), European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), European
Southern Observatory (ESO), European Space Agency (ESA), European XFEL, and Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL). The mission of EIROforum is to combine resources, facilities, and expertise to support European science in reaching its full potential.
Further information: news 2010
EIROforum homepage: www.eiroforum.org

FELs of Europe
FELS of Europe is an initiative of the ESFRI projects EuroFEL and European XFEL. It is a collaboration of all free-electron laser (FEL) facilities in Europe, with the goal to meet the technological and scientific challenges of these novel and rapidly developing technologies and to provide a worldwide unique, pan-European research infrastructure that enables exploiting the full scientific potential of these unique accelerator based short-pulse light sources. The collaboration includes 14 facilities in 10 countries.
FELs of Europe homepage: www.fels-of-europe.eu

Science in School by EIROforum
Science in School is a free journal aiming to promote inspiring science teaching.
Science in School homepage: www.scienceinschool.org

Hard X-ray FEL collaboration (formerly FEL three-site meeting)
The LCLS, the Japanese SPring-8 Compact SASE Source (SCSS), and the Hamburg FEL projects (FLASH at DESY and European XFEL) collaborate, share project information, and identify topics of common interest in a meeting series.

Physics on Accelerators and Reactors of Western Europe
In November 2010, the European XFEL joined the “Physics on Accelerators and Reactors of Western Europe” programme of the Russian Ministry of Education and Science. The programme funds research stays of Russian scientists at large leading European research facilities.